Osteoarthritis and Weight Loss

Obesity is associated with the development of osteoarthritis (OA), particularly of the knee.  It is proven that a 10 pounds weight loss over 10 years decreased the person for developing knee OA by 50%. Indeed, even modest weight loss and healthy diet may produce improvement in joint pain and function. The combination of diet and exercise was associated with decreased knee pain and improved self-reported and measured function.

Regular, moderate physical activity is beneficial in decreasing fatigue, strengthening muscles and bones, increasing flexibility and stamina, and improving a general sense of well-being. Moreover, exercise:

  • Increases strength and flexibility, stabilizes joints, and reduces pain.
  • Aerobic exercise, in combination with strength training, contribute to weight loss, reduces the force placed on joints.
  • Increases mobility and decreases stiffness, which allows for more independence.
  • Decreases pain and relieve arthritic symptoms.
  • Increases function and reduces disability.
  • Improves energy levels.
  • Enhances socialization through involvement in fitness group.

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Source: Exercise and Arthritis by DSW Fitness, Center for Continuing Education
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